Alternative or non-traditional data sources are becoming a significant factor in quantitative investing in creating predictive models and smart beta strategies. By incorporating additional elements, such as environmental, social, and governance metrics, into investment decisions, investors can potentially capture alpha while aligning with their values. It is essential to carefully evaluate the quality and reliability of alternative data, as it may be subject to biases and external factors, and the use of this data carries some risks. Despite these challenges, the use of alternative data is likely to continue growing in popularity as investors seek new sources of alpha in a competitive market.
Alternative data, also known as “non-traditional” or “non-consensus” data, refer to data sources that financial analysts and discretionary fund managers do not typically use. These data sources can come from various sources, such as satellite imagery, social media, web scraping, and wearables. In recent years, alternative data has gained popularity in quantitative investing as investors and asset managers look for new sources of alpha.
One way alternative data is used in quantitative investing is by creating predictive models. By training machine learning algorithms on large datasets of alternative data, investors can identify patterns and trends that may not be apparent from traditional financial data alone. For example, an investor might use satellite imagery to track the traffic at a retailer’s parking lots and use that data to predict the company’s future sales. Or, an investor might use social media sentiment data to gauge the public’s perception of a particular stock or industry and use that data to inform trading decisions.
Another way alternative data is used in quantitative investing is by constructing so-called “smart beta” investment strategies. Smart beta strategies capture the return of a particular market or asset class while incorporating additional factors that drive returns. For example, a smart beta strategy might weight stocks not only by their market capitalization but also by their exposure to specific alternative data metrics, such as environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors. By incorporating these additional factors, smart beta strategies can offer investors a way to capture alpha while aligning with their values and beliefs.
While alternative data has the potential to provide investors with a competitive edge, it is essential to note that not all alternative data is created equal. As with any data source, it is necessary to carefully evaluate the data’s quality and reliability and consider other elements, such as biases or external factors. Additionally, using alternative data is not without risks, as the data may be subject to regulation or public opinion changes.
Despite these challenges, using alternative data in quantitative investing will continue to grow in popularity. As investors seek out new sources of alpha in an increasingly competitive and data-driven market, alternative data will likely play an increasingly important role in the investment process.
Overall, using alternative data in quantitative investing offers investors a way to gain a deeper understanding of the markets and make more informed investment decisions. By leveraging the insights these non-traditional data sources provide, investors can uncover new opportunities and drive better returns.